In the first edition of the MedCom Forum in Health 2021 with the theme ‘Infectious diseases in the Mediterranean area: approach and criticalities in a frontier reality’, several points for reflection and numerous proposals emerged, thanks to the interventions of the distinguished speakers, both Italian and foreign, who spoke in particular on HIV, HCV, tuberculosis, and others.
In particular, it was possible to ascertain that, at present, there is no complete knowledge of the epidemiological situation in the Mediterranean area: the data available to the scientific community are still fragmentary and partial, only noting the realities related to certain geographical areas.
The need to reach a homogenous level of knowledge on the evolution of infectious diseases in this area as soon as possible was called for.
Thanks to the lessons learnt from the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak, the need emerged to create and implement specific shared research, training and information programmes to enable timely interactions with Mediterranean countries.
To this end, as a synthesis of the last edition, the creation of a specific ‘task force’ for joint surveillance actions was proposed, envisaging the establishment of an interactive and effective network between the participating countries. The use of a shared ‘language’, capable of following the evolution of infectious diseases, appears today to be of fundamental importance for the preparation of responsible and sustainable choices.